Throughout the history of automobile manufacturing, there have been several safety advancements. These improvements have played a huge role in keeping car users and pedestrians safe while on the road. Here are some of the most important automobile safety advancements in history:
THREE-POINT SAFETY BELT
The three-point safety belt was designed by Volvo in 1959, and the patent was given away for free by the company. All Volvo wanted was to make sure that everyone is safe, and today the three-point seatbelt makes sure of it.
Leaded petrol was introduced in 1923 by General Motors. Since then it has been discovered that lead is toxic, and thus having it in the air is dangerous. Therefore, unleaded fuel one of the most important automobile safety advancements.
THE SAFETY CELL (FOR IMPACT ABSORPTION)
The safety cell design includes soft crumple-zones on the ends of a car and a rigid cage in the center. These crumple zones absorb energy and there is a solid compartment in the middle. The design was pioneered by Mercedes, and it is common to cars today.
Radial tires have a series of cord plies reinforcing the tire, thus making them more solid and reliable.
These protect the driver and passengers from injuries in the event of a crash.
ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM
The Anti-lock Braking System was originally designed for airplanes by Frenchman Gabriel Voisin. However, it was found to be quite useful in cars.
In the event of a crash, the windscreen on modern cars stays in one piece. Normal glass would shatter and spread in all directions, causing injury to anyone close. Thus safety windscreens are among the most important automobile safety advancements.
There are two types of brakes used on modern cars: drum brakes and disc brakes. Nowadays, cars use disc brakes on the front wheels, and the rear wheels can use either the disc or drum brakes.
COLLAPSIBLE STEERING COLUMN
These were introduced to reduce the number of serious injuries caused by the impact of the steering column and wheel on the driver’s body I case of a frontal impact collision while driving.